Dominoes

Dominos or Dominoes commonly refers to the aggregation of gaming pieces that make up a pack or deck of dominos. It also indicates to the variety of tile games which are played using domino pieces. In scope of polyominoes and mathematical tilings, the word domino frequently points to a rectangle formed by joining 2 edge to edge congruent squares. The conventional Sino-European set of dominoes are made up of 28 dominoes, popularly designated as bones, tiles, cards, stones, tickets or spinners. Each piece of domino is a rectangular-shaped tile that has a line dividing the face into 2 square ends. The ends are either blank or marked by a certain number of spots called pips. The back faces of the domino tiles within a set are identical to one another and are left either blank or have a common design. A set of dominoes is a general gaming device much like dice or playing cards and one can play a wide variety of games using such a set.

History of Dominoes

The name "domino" comes from the fact that the pieces resemble Venetian Carnival masks called domini that were white in color with black spots on them. These masks were so named as they were similar to the winter hoods of French priests, which had a black exterior and a white interior. The name is ultimately derived from the Latin word dominus, meaning "master" or "lord."

Dominoes Various sets of dominoes have been used over the centuries in different parts of the world for playing a wide variety of domino-based games. Each domino actually represented 1 of the 21 possible results of throwing 2 six-sided dice. One half of every domino is settled with pips from 1 die; the other half has the pips from 2nd die. The Chinese sets also bring in duplicates of certain throws and then divide the dominos into 2 classes: civil and military. The Chinese dominoes are even longer than the standard European dominos. They are played frequently in the Caribbean Islands, especially in Jamaica and Barbados.

Dominos first entered Europe during the earlier parts of the 18th century, when they first appeared in Italy. It changed to a certain extent from its earlier Chinese version and adapted itself to the cultural influences of Europe. The European domino sets do not have any class distinctions or any of the duplicates that go along with them. On the other hand, the European sets consisted of 7 additional dominos, with 6 of these denoting the values which are obtained from throwing one die while having the tile's other half left blank. The 7th domino represented the 0-0 or blank-blank combo.

Ivory Dominoes were regularly used during the 19th century in the rural parts of England for settling disputes over the traditional grazing boundaries; people usually referred to them as "bonesticks."